VIVO RDF (Linked Open Data), a research networking data standard supported by VIVO, Profiles, Loki
OpenSocial, a web-app standard, supported by Google, IBM, SciVerse, LinkedIn, etc.
Research networking tools such as VIVO and Profiles have found widespread adoption in the biomedical research community. RDF is becoming a primary means for exposing the data contained within these tools, and the VIVO ontology has become the standard vocabulary for expression. Both VIVO and Profiles export data through the RDF/XML serialization format.
OpenSocial is the standard API for running embedded applications (gadgets) within a containing web site. OpenSocial is supported by groups within industry and research, such as Google, LinkedIn, Nature Network, and Elsevier SciVerse.